When it comes to coffee, most people only know dark and light as their options when it comes to different roasts.

What you should know, however, is that coffee comes in a wide range of different varieties, flavors, and tastes.

And, the more that you know about the different roasts available, the more enjoyment you can get out of your coffee. When you’re knowledgeable about coffee, you can select a coffee roaster that works for you, distinguish between the different types of coffee beans, learn what you like and don’t like, and more.

All of that, though, starts with an education. And, an education starts with understanding the different coffee roast options and what they mean.

Light Roasts   

To start off with, light roasts are popular among many coffee drinkers.

These are simply roasts of coffee that absorb heat for a shot period of time. They tend to be light brown, which results in a lighter-colored drink than many other coffee beans will provide.

The short time period in which light roasts are roasted means that the coffee that they produce never has an oily texture and is, instead, more earthy in nature.

Furthermore, light roasts tend to have a higher caffeine content than their more roasted counterparts. This is because light roasts are roasted for such a short time that the caffeine does not have a chance to burn off the way that it does with darker roasts.

Half City Roasts  

Another type of light roast- you may think of it as a “subcategory” of the standard light roast is a half city roast.

This type of coffee is roasted at a slightly higher temperature than a traditional light roast. The temperature is typically no more than 410 degrees Fahrenheit and typically means that the beans were at the early stages of the first crack but haven’t yet cracked.

When you go for this type of blend, you will enjoy a coffee type that has no oil present whatsoever since there is no full crack for the oil to creep out of. Furthermore, many people prefer the rustic, firm taste that accompanies this type of roast.

It is not for everyone, but anyone who likes their beans lightly roasted with just a hint of true roast/cooking will enjoy this coffee type.

Medium Roasts 

Some people (like Goldilocks) like their coffee beans not too light and not too dark.

For these people, a medium roast is “just right.”

Medium roasts are typically roasted at no more than 430 degrees Fahrenheit. They almost reach the “second crack” in the roasting process but not quite if they are a true medium roast.

Their roasting time and temperature make it so that they are medium brown with a heavy-bodied taste. The taste is also never oily and doesn’t contain much acidity, making it a great choice for those with heartburn, acid reflux, or a general sensitivity to high acid content in foods and beverages.

Medium roast coffees truly are those perfect “in between” coffees, especially since just about anyone can enjoy them. If you are new to the coffee world and, thus, not quite sure what roast you prefer, a medium roast is the way to go.

You may find it is your coffee of choice, but, if not, it is a great place to start.

Medium/Dark Roasts

For some coffee drinkers, medium isn’t quite enough, but dark is a bit too much.

Fortunately, for these people, a medium/dark roast should satisfy their coffee carving.

This roast features dark brown beans that are just slightly oily. Unlike true medium roasts, they’ve started that second crack and have been roasted up to the point that they have cracked up to the middle of that second crack, a fact which accounts for the slightly more oily taste and texture.

There is also a nice “kick” or “bite” to this particular roast, which is what many people love about it. They often find it’s just the right bite without being too much. In fact, if this coffee roast were spicy chicken wings, you could think of it as a mild.

As you can see, the roast that you choose does make a difference in the type of coffee that is produced.

If you’re new to drinking coffee, it is a good idea to try a lot of different roasts (both these mentioned here and beyond) to find your perfect flavor.

And, if you’re not, then you can perfect your preferences by trying different roasts within your preferred variety.

No matter how you go about it, with a little trial and error, you are sure to find the roast (or roasts) that you love.

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